Romanian Agriculture and Sustainable Development

  • Constantin Aurelian Ionescu Lecturer, Hyperion University of Bucharest, Bucharest, Romania
  • Liliana Paschia Lecturer, Hyperion University of Bucharest, Bucharest, Romania
  • Mihaela Denisa Coman PhD. Research Assistant, Institute of Multidisciplinary Research for Science and Technology Valahia University of Targoviste, Targoviste, Romania
Keywords: sustainable development, agriculture, bio economy, economic efficiency, ecological agriculture, environmental protection, ecosystems


Agriculture is a vital activity with major consequences on food security of the population and on regional and local ecosystems, becoming a geostrategic tool important for the economic development of any country. In accordance with the requirements of the European Union, agriculture must be developed and transformed into an ecological agriculture that can offer viable solutions for: satisfying the demand for natural products obtained without the use of fertilizers and chemical substances, while at the same time diversifying and expanding the agricultural sector in harmony with environmental protection and the principles of sustainable development. The aim of the paper is to highlight the evolution of Romanian agriculture in the context of sustainable development according to the requirements of the European Union.  


Beed F, Benedetti A, Cardinali G, Chakraborty S, Dubois T, Garrett K, Halewood M. Climate change and micro-organism genetic resources for food and agriculture: state of knowledge, risks and opportunities. Background Study Paper No. 57. Rome, Italy: Commission on Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture (FAO); 2011.

Conway GR. The properties of agroecosystems. Agricultural Systems. 1987;24: 95-117.

Deloitte. eTransform Africa: agriculture sector study: sector assessment and opportunities for ICT [Internet]. 2012. Available from:

Elliott JA. An introduction to Sustainable Development. 3rd Edition. London: Routledge Perspectives on Development; 2006.

European Commission. Action Plan for Future Organic Production in European Union, Bruxelles [accessed on 4 March 2018]. Available from:

European Commission. Eurostat. European Statistics, Area under organic farming; 2015. Available from: (accessed on 4 March 2018). [Google Scholar]

European Commission. Să înţelegem politicile uniunii europene; 2014. Available from:

Eurostat. 2017. Organic farming statistics. Available from:

Farming First. Agriculture for a Green Economy: Improved Rural Livelihood, Reduced Footprint, Secure Food Supply. Available from:

FAO. 2015. Training manual for organic agriculture. Available from:

FAO. 2015. The State of Food and Agriculture. Social protection and agriculture: breaking the cycle of rural poverty. Rome. Available from:

FAO. 2014. Building a common vision for sustainable food and agriculture, principles and approaches. Rome; 2014. Available from:

Giovannucci D, et al. Food and Agriculture: the future of sustainability. A strategic input to the Sustainable Development in the 21st Century (SD21) project. 2012. New York: United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Division for Sustainable Development.

HLPE. Sustainable agricultural development for food security and nutrition: what roles for livestock? [Internet]; 2016. Available from:

Klein AM, Vaissičre B, Cane J, Steffan-Dewenter I, Cunningham S, Kremen C, Tscharntke T. Importance of pollinators in changing landscapes for world crops. Proceedings of the Royal Society B; February 7. 2007; 274: 303–313.

Liniger H, Critchley W (eds). Where the land is greener: case studies and analysis of soil and water conservation initiatives worldwide. [Internet]. 2007. Available from:

Ministerul Agriculturii şi Dezvoltării Rurale. Analiza socio-economică în perspectiva dezvoltării rurale 2014-2020. [Internet] ; 2013. Available from:

Ministerul Agriculturii şi Dezvoltării Rurale (MADR). Programul Naţional de Dezvoltare Rurală pentru perioada 2014 – 2020, Ministerul Agriculturii şi Dezvoltării Rurale (MADR) - Direcția Generală de Dezvoltare Rurală (AM PNDR). [Internet]; 2017. Available from:

McCartney M, Rebelo L, Senaratna Sellamuttu S, De Silva S. Wetlands, agriculture and poverty reduction. [Internet]. Colombo, Sri Lanka: International Water Management Institute. 2010. Available from:

Müller A, Schmidhuber J, Hoogeveen J, Steduto P. Some insights in the effect of growing bio-energy demand on global food security and natural resources. Presented at “Linkages between Energy and Water Management for Agriculture in Developing Countries” Conference. India: Hyderabad. 28–31 January 2007. Available from:

Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development. Dinamica operatorilor si a suprafetelor in agricultura ecologica. [Internet]. Available from:

NSW Government. Policy for Sustainable Agriculture in New South Wales. NSW Agriculture. [Internet]. December 1998. Available from:

PwC. Potenţialul dezvoltării sectorului agricol din România. [Internet]. 2017. Available from:

Shinohara T. Adopting technologies for sustainable farming system: the public interest perspective. Adoption of technologies for sustainable farming systems wageningen workshop proceedings. [Internet]. 2001;28 p. Available from:

Strategia pentru dezvoltarea sectorului agroalimentar pe termen mediu şi lung orizont 2020-2030. [Internet]. Bucureşti. 2015. Available from:

Turner RK. Sustainable Environmental Management. London: Belhaven; 1998: 12.

United Nations. Department of Economic and Social Affairs. World economic and social survey 2013: Sustainable development challenges; 2013. UN.

World Bank. Employment in Agriculture (% of total employment). [Internet]. [accessed on 18 April 2018]. Available from:

World Commission on Environment and Development. Our Common Future. Oxford: Oxford University Press; 1987: 43.

World Development Report. Agriculture for Development. [Internet]. 2008. Washington, D.C. Available from:

World Economic Forum. Realizing a New Vision for Agriculture: A roadmap for stakeholders. [Internet]; 2010. Available from:

How to Cite
Ionescu, C. A., Paschia, L., & Coman, M. D. (2019). Romanian Agriculture and Sustainable Development. LUMEN Proceedings, 7(1), 156-169.