Learning of Breaststroke Swimming Style at Physical Education and Sport Subject in the Higher Education of other Profiles
This paper aims mainly to use efficiently the algorithmic diagram of linear-branched programmed learning of the breaststroke swimming style in the physical education and sport subject for the first-year students at higher education of other profiles. Methods of research used: bibliographic study of specialty literature, pedagogical observation, pedagogical experiment, method of tests, method of linear and branching programmed instruction, statistical-mathematical method and graphical representation method. This scientific approach entailed the organization of an experimental study at „Carol Davila” University of Medicine and Pharmacy of Bucharest during the academic year 2015-2016. The subjects of the research were 27 students of first-year who choose to learn the breaststroke swimming style at physical education and sport subject (13 from the Faculty of Dental Medicine and 14 from General Medicine). The classes focused on improving the muscle strength in the control tests by means of exercises for arms, legs and abdominal muscle strength. These exercises were used in each class during the off-water training of the students. Preparatory, aiding and control exercises were used during the on-water training, for learning and improving the breaststroke swimming style. The results of the study reveal the level of arms, legs and abdominal strength in girls and boys as well, their attendance at classes, participation in sports activities and the final grade. The effective use of the preparatory, aiding and control exercises within the algorithmic diagram for learning the breaststroke swimming style at physical education and sport subject for first-year students contributed to the improvement of technique and the successful participation in competitions.
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