Inheritance – between the Bible and the Civil Code

  • Liviu-Bogdan CIUCĂ Professor PhD, Faculty of Juridical, Social and Political Sciences, “Dunărea de Jos” University of Galaţi, Galati, Romania
Keywords: inheritance, Bible, civil, Code, analysis


Private law institutions, such as inheritance, marriage, engagement managed to be transmitted through the entire human history, while maintaining their decisive role in forming family ties, or with respect to reasons for property issues. This article aims at approaching a research on the institution of heritage and its customary and legislative transformations, building a bridge in time between the text of the Bible and the Civil Code. The analysis is focused on the importance given to the institution in the two different historical moments, the principles that would govern it, the way to transfer the property right by mortis causa. Thus, it will highlight both surprising similarities and differences arising from the social, legal or religious culture of the time. The method of dividing inheritance, the situation of the surviving husband, the rules of escheat, the existence of forced heir are just some of the issues addressed in the paper, all these analyses leading to an unequivocal conclusion: Inheritance meant and represented, from time immemorial, both an engine


[1] Hoffmeier JK. Arheologia bibliei [The Archaeology of the Bible]. Oradea: Editura Casa Cărtii; 2009. 22, 44 p.
[2] Dimont M. Jews, God and History. Penguin Publishing Group, 2004, pp. 47-48 quoted by T Aldea. The Light of Torah. Bucharest: Editura Viata si Sanatate; 2016. 90 p.
[3] Asociatia Biblica Romana. Biblia pentru studiu. 2014. Available from:
[4] Moise, Cartea Numeri, pp.178, Biblia sau Sfânta Scriptură a Vechiului și Noului Testament cu referinte [The Bible or the Holy Writ of the Old and New Testament with references]. Oradea: Asociatia Biblica Romana “Casa Bibliei”; 2012.
[5] Mosen R. Invataturi Biblice (Biblical Teachings), Editura Federatia Comunitatii Evreiesti din RSR. 1978.
[6] Legea nr. 287 din 2009 privind Codul Civil, publicata in Monitorul Oficial al Romaniei Partea I nr. 511 din 24 iulie 2009, modificata prin Legea nr. 71 din 2011 si rectificata in Monitorul Official al Romaniei Partea I nr. 427 din 17 iunie 2011 si in Monitorul Oficial al Romaniei Partea I nr. 489 din 8 iulie 2011, (Law no. 287 from 2009 regarding Civil Code published in the Official Gazette of Romania, Part I, No. 511 from 24 July 2009, amended by Law no. 71 from 2011 and corrected in the Official Gazette of Romania, Part I, No. 427 from 17 June 2011 and in the Official Gazette of Romania, Part I, No. 489 from 8 July 2011.
How to Cite
CIUCĂ, L.-B. (2017). Inheritance – between the Bible and the Civil Code. LUMEN Proceedings, 1, 169-175.