Social Dimensions of Roma Marginalization
The paper aims to analyze aspects of Roma marginalization, by identifying and assessing the dimensions of social needs within a compact Roma community, located in a marginalized urban area.
The effects of the economic crisis and the COVID-19 pandemic increase inequalities regarding the economic and social situation. The major challenge is to reduce the risk of poverty, especially among families with children, people with disabilities and chronic diseases, but also the social exclusion of people at social risk, based on accurate measurements of social phenomena.
The community profile indicates the social status of the inhabitants, which provides a picture of the degree of marginalization and social exclusion of Roma. Thus, the study was conducted by constructing a questionnaire as a research tool, which summarizes the results of the activity of information collection and processing, both based on statistical methods and percentage analysis.
The problems faced by marginalized Roma communities are low participation in education, early school leaving, difficult transition to tertiary education, lack of adult skills, low skills among vulnerable people in the labor market, low access to services, poor health and housing. Measures for early detection of situations of social risk and intervention lead to positive effects in preventing marginalization and social exclusion.
European Commission. (2010). Social and economic integration of the Roma in Europe.https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/PDF/?uri=CELEX:52010DC0133&from=en
European Commission. (2011). An EU Framework for National Roma Integration Strategies up to 2020. https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/HTML/?uri=CELEX:52011DC0173&from=RO
European Commission. (2012). National Roma integration strategies: a first step in implementing the EU framework. https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/PDF/?uri=CELEX:52012DC0226&from=EN
European Commission. (2017). European Semester - Fact sheet. Combating inequalities. https://ec.europa.eu/info/sites/default/files/file_import/european-semester_thematic-factsheet_addressing-inequalities_en_0.pdf
European Commission. (2019a). Roma inclusion measures reported under the EU Framework for NRIS. https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/DOC/?uri=CELEX:52019SC0320&from=EN
European Commission. (2019b). Report on the implementation of national Roma integration strategies. https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/PDF/?uri=CELEX:52019DC0406&from=EN
European Commission. (2020a). A new EU Roma strategic framework https://ec.europa.eu/info/sites/default/files/factsheet_-_a_new_eu_roma_strategic_framework_en.pdf
European Commission. (2020b). Country Report - Romania. https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/PDF/?uri=CELEX:52020SC0522&from=EN
European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights. (2016). EU-MIDIS II. Al doilea sondaj privind minoritatile si discriminarea in Uniunea Europeana. Romii- rezultate selectate [EU-MIDIS II. The second survey on minorities and discrimination in the European Union. Roma - selected results]. https://fra.europa.eu/sites/default/files/fra_uploads/fra-2016-eu-minorities-survey-roma-selected-findings_ro.pdf
Romanian Census. (2011). http://www.recensamantromania.ro/rezultate-2/
Romanian Government. (2018). Strategia Guvernului Romaniei de incluziune a cetatenilor romani apartinand minoritatii rome pentru perioada 2021-2027 [The Romanian Government's strategy for the inclusion of Romanian citizens belonging to the Roma minority for the period 2021-2027]. http://sgglegis.gov.ro/legislativ/docs/2020/11/152nftks6zbd3vpw8_jr.pdf
Romanian Parliament. (2002). Legea Nr. 116 din 15 martie 2002 privind prevenirea şi combaterea marginalizării sociale publicata in Monitorul Oficial 193 din 21 Martie 2002 [Law 116/2002 on preventing and combating social marginalization, published in the Official Monitor no. 193 of March 21, 2002]. https://legislatie.just.ro/Public/DetaliiDocumentAfis/34645
Romanian Parliament. (2011). Legea asistentei sociale, nr. 292 din 20 decembrie 2011 publicata in Monitorul Oficial nr. 905 [Law 292/2011 of social assistance, Romanian Parliament, published in the Official Monitor no. 905 of December 20, 2011]. http://legislatie.just.ro/Public/DetaliiDocument/133913
Copyright (c) 2021 LUMEN Proceedings
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.
Selection and peer-review under responsibility of the Organizing Committee of the conference.
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial 4.0 Unported License, permitting all non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.