Carol Cortobius Architecture

  • Maria Bostenaru Dan "Ion Mincu" University of Architecture and Urbanism
Keywords: Secession, Art Deco, Hungarian community, Bucharest, sacral architecture

Abstract

Carol Cortobius was an architect trained in Germany, with an initial practice at Otto Wagner in Vienna, who worked for the Hungarian community in Bucharest building churches. An introduction on the catholic Hungarian community in Bucharest will be given. Dănuț Doboș in a monograph of one catholic church in Bucharest offers an overview of all his works. For the three catholic churches on which he intervened (two built, one restored, but altered now) there are monographs showing archive images not available for the general public. Apart of the catholic churches (two of the Hungarian community) he also built the baptist seminar. Particularly the first built church, Saint Elena, is interesting as an early example of Art Deco and will be analysed in the context of the Secession in Vienna and Budapest, which will be introduced. With help of historic maps the places of the works were identified. Many of them do not exist today anymore because of demolitions either to build new streets or those of the Ceaușescu period (ex. the opereta theatre, a former pharmacy). Images of these were looked for in groups dedicated to he disappeared Uranus neighbourhood The paper will show where these were located. Some of the common buildings have an interesting history, such as the first chocolate factory. Another interesting early Art deco building is the pelican house. There are common details between this and the restored church. The research will be continued with archive research in public archives when the sanitary situation will permit.

References

Bostenaru, D. M. (2011). Turn of the century architecture in Transylvania, Romania and its influences from the architecture of Hungary. WIT Transactions on The Built Environment, 118, 21-33. http://doi.org/10.2495/STR110031

Bostenaru, D. M. (2013). Reinforced concrete in the early 20th century: the search for a form language for the material. In P. J. S. Cruz (Ed.), Structures and architecture: concepts: applications and challenges. CRC press-Taylor & Francis group.

Doboş, D. (Ed.). (2012a). Biserica “Bărăţia” – Bucureşti [“Bărăţia” Church - Bucharest]. Editura Arhiepiscopiei Romano-Catolice de Bucureşti.

Doboş, D. (Ed.). (2012b). Parohia „Sfântul Anton de Padova” [The parish “Saint Anton of Padua”]. Editura Arhiepiscopiei Romano-Catolice de Bucureşti.

Doboş, D. (Ed.). (2015). Biserica “Sfânta Elena” Bucureşti [“Saint Helena” Church, Bucharest]. Editura Arhiepiscopiei Romano-Catolice de Bucureşti.

Houze, R. (2006). The textile as structural framework: Gottfried Semper's Bekleidungsprinzip and the case of Vienna 1900. Textile, 4(3), 292-311. https://doi.org/10.2752/147597506778691486

Zamfirescu, O. (2018). Gustul amar al ciocolatei [The bitter taste of chocolate]. Corint.

Published
2022-01-11
How to Cite
Bostenaru Dan, M. (2022). Carol Cortobius Architecture. LUMEN Proceedings, 17, 66-69. https://doi.org/10.18662/wlc2021/08