The Association between Social Integration, Coping Mechanisms and Anxiety in Patients with Non-Communicable Diseases

  • Rezarta Lalo Doctor of Science, Lecturer in Faculty of Health, University of Vlora “Ismail Qemali”
Keywords: Chronic diseases, anxiety disorder, self-monitoring, social integration, health directed activity, Fier city hospital

Abstract

Recently, mental health issue and chronic physical condition are substantially linked and this comorbidity is likely to increase.Patient focusing in the self-care activities is an important component in the mechanism of coping with chronic disease with a significant impact on clinical and psychological outcomes. In this context, the current study is conducted to assess the impact of self-care and social integration mechanisms on anxiety levels among patients with chronic non-communicable diseases.This observational study of cross-sectional design was performed in the pathology service of Fier city hospital, in Albania during August-September 2020. To assess the level of anxiety, we used the scale of 7 items of General Anxiety Disorder (GAD-7) with a score of ≥10 indicating GAD. Subscales of the Health Education Impact Questionnaire (heiQ) were used in order to evaluate social integration and self-care mechanism. The data were entered into the statistical program SPSS, version 23. The regression analysis is performedto examine the relationship between variables. The findings revealed that 56% of participants had GAD, 47% of participants were unable to self-monitor the disease, while 89% of them didnot performe any type of physical activity. The scale of anxiety was significantly associated with variables of Self–monitoring (p=0.000<0.05; OR=0.10) and Social integration (p=0.000<0.05; OR=21.4).

These findings address the need to support peoplewho struggle with chronic non-communicable diseases developing adaptive ways to deal with their chronic condition and improve their lifestyle for better overall health.

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Published
2022-01-12
How to Cite
Lalo, R. (2022). The Association between Social Integration, Coping Mechanisms and Anxiety in Patients with Non-Communicable Diseases. LUMEN Proceedings, 17, 337-348. https://doi.org/10.18662/wlc2021/33